Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Therapy for OCD targets precise areas of the brain linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
DBS uses a surgically implanted medical device, similar to a cardiac pacemaker, to deliver carefully controlled electrical stimulation. The stimulation is sent to a precisely targeted structure within the brain, the anterior limb of the internal capsule (AIC) and adjacent ventral striatum. We refer to this site at the junction of the ventral capsule/ventral striatum as the VC/VS. These circuits are involved in psychiatric disorders such as OCD and depression. Thus DBS therapy treats the symptoms of OCD. It is not a cure, and some symptoms may remain even with the treatment. If stimulation is discontinued, the symptoms will likely return.
The Medtronic Reclaim® DBS System consists of the following implanted components:
Your clinician can adjust the pulses wirelessly to check or change the neurostimulator settings to adapt them to individual therapeutic needs.
A small, hand-held patient programmer lets you turn the system on and off by holding it for one to two seconds against the area where the neurostimulator is implanted (beneath the collarbone or in the abdominal area). However, in most cases the neurostimulator is always on.
Once the neurostimulator has been activated following surgery, it can be programmed by your clinician to find the level of stimulation that maximizes benefits while minimizing side effects. The clinician uses a special computer to make non-invasive adjustments to the neurostimulator. It may take several months to find the right level of stimulation.
Depending on your device settings, a neurostimulator’s battery can last anywhere from 6 to 16 months. The battery can be replaced in a surgical procedure that does not require an overnight stay in the hospital. Leads and extensions don’t typically need to be replaced.
Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.